What is Feline Panleukopenia? Symptoms, Treatment and Basic Precautions.
Feline panleukopenia virus (FPV) or cat distemper, is one of the deadliest viral diseases in cats. This affects the rapidly dividing blood cells within the body, primarily the cells within the intestinal tract, bone marrow, and skin.
The name means pan- (all) leuko – (white blood cells) – penia (lack of), which indicates that it kills the body’s defense cells, resulting in severe anemia.
Feline Panleukopenia or Cat Distemper Symptoms
- Diarrhea/bloody diarrhea
- Dehydration and weight loss
- High fever with anemia
- Rough hair coat
- Complete loss of interest in food
Contact your vet immediately if you notice any symptoms mentioned above.
Cats with this condition would require emergency treatment and hospitalization. But if your kitty is treated promptly and effectively, it’s going to recover fully.
It’ll take some weeks to feel completely normal. Unfortunately, the death rate is as high as 90 percent.
Essential Precaution for Feline Panleukopenia or Cat Distemper
Vaccination is that the primary tool for preventing feline panleukopenia.
Kittens who are four weeks old and older should be vaccinated as soon as possible. They need more early injections to stop maternal antibodies from disabling the vaccine.
This vaccine is necessary even for indoor felines since the virus can be brought home. Keep the other cats away from the infected one for at least a week after the ultimate vaccination and then vaccinate immediately.
Since the virus may be quickly brought into your house, firstly wash your hands if you have been outside. This is especially important if you will be handling kittens that are nursing. Secondly, be sure to wash your cat’s food and water dishes regularly.
Use a suitable disinfectant as it can survive many common household cleaners and steam cleanings.
If you have any questions or queries, please do visit or call the veterinarian. It is best to consult them to ensure your pets’ health and wellbeing. Proper vaccinations and care are the only keys to stop this panleukopenia virus.